Top Cyber Security Skills in High Demand

The cybersecurity industry is a growing field in high demand, offering lucrative salaries, diverse job opportunities, and a dynamic work environment. If you’re interested in the idea of safeguarding digital data and intelligence from security breaches but are uncertain about your suitability for the role, or you’re currently working in cyber and wondering about how to develop your skills for cyber security, keep reading.

Those working in cyber security will need a wide range of both professional, technical and functional skills. But what are they? We’re here to go through the best skills for cyber security. Let’s get started!

What are cyber security skills?

When we talk about cyber security skills, we’re talking about the qualities needed in a person to excel in the field of cyber security. Those working in the cyber security industry will likely work as part of a businesses IT department, tasked with keeping the businesses data, systems and network safe from mishaps and attacks.

Cyber security professionals will be responsible for monitoring systems for external threats, as well as accidental threats that could come from within the business itself. They will be tasked with assessing risks and creating solutions to potential threats, while coming up with strategies to improve the business’es cyber security.

Technical skills for cyber security

One of the most important skills needed for cyber security is an understanding of technology and systems. Depending on your seniority level, this could vary between a more basic understanding, to a more well-rounded knowledge base.

Low-level cybersecurity role would likely need:

  • Knowledge of basic security protocols and best practices.
  • Familiarity with antivirus software and firewalls.
  • Basic understanding of network configurations and vulnerabilities.
  • Incident response and basic threat analysis skills.

High-level cybersecurity role would likely need:

  • Advanced knowledge of cryptography and secure communication protocols.
  • Expertise in penetration testing and ethical hacking.
  • In-depth understanding of advanced persistent threats (APTs) and sophisticated attack vectors.
  • Mastery of security architecture design and implementation.
  • Leadership skills for managing security teams and developing comprehensive security strategies.

Regardless of your specific role, it’s likely you will be maintaining, troubleshooting, and updating information security systems, and implementing continuous network monitoring. Being comfortable with technology is essential in order to perform the daily activities of a cybersecurity professional. Let’s explore the details of these technical skills, and what’s involved in each.

Network Security:

Firewall configuration and management: Understanding how to configure and manage firewalls to control and monitor network traffic is fundamental.

Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS): Proficiency in using IDPS tools to identify and respond to potential security threats.

Application Security:

Secure coding practices: Knowledge of secure coding principles to develop and maintain software with security in mind.

Web application security: Familiarity with common web application vulnerabilities and how to mitigate them, including cross-site scripting (XSS), SQL injection, and security misconfigurations.

Endpoint Security:

Endpoint protection: Implementing and managing security solutions on endpoints to protect against malware, ransomware, and other threats.

Mobile security: Understanding the unique security challenges associated with mobile devices and implementing measures to secure them.


Encryption and decryption: Understanding the principles of encryption and how to use cryptographic algorithms to secure data.

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI): Knowledge of PKI for managing digital keys and certificates.

Incident Response and Forensics:

Incident handling: Knowing how to respond to and mitigate security incidents effectively.

Digital forensics: Investigating and analysing security incidents, including collecting and analysing digital evidence.

Security Governance and Compliance:

Risk management: Identifying and assessing security risks and developing strategies to mitigate them.

Compliance frameworks: Understanding and ensuring compliance with relevant regulations and standards (e.g., GDPR, HIPAA, ISO 27001).

Security Awareness and Training:

User education: Educating users on security best practices and promoting a security-aware culture within the organisation.

Cloud Security:

Cloud architecture security: Understanding security considerations in cloud architecture and services.

Cloud identity and access management: Managing and securing user access to cloud resources.

Security Assessment and Testing:

Vulnerability assessment: Identifying and assessing vulnerabilities in systems and networks.

Penetration testing: Simulating cyber-attacks to identify and address security weaknesses.

Communication Skills:

Incident reporting: Effectively communicating security incidents to technical and non-technical stakeholders.

Documentation: Maintaining clear and thorough documentation of security policies, procedures, and incident reports.

Continuous Learning and Adaptability:

Stay updated: Keeping abreast of the latest security threats, technologies, and best practices.

Adaptability: Being able to adapt quickly to new challenges and emerging threats.

Top skills needed for cyber security

Now you have an idea of the technical skills needed for cyber security, it’s important that these are well rounded with a range of soft skills.

Communication skills:

Effective communication is paramount in cybersecurity. Cyber security professionals must be able to articulate complex technical concepts clearly to both technical and non-technical stakeholders. Active listening skills are equally important, enabling cybersecurity experts to understand the concerns and perspectives of team members, management, and users.

Problem-solving and analytical skills:

Cybersecurity demands critical thinking and strong analytical skills to analyse situations, identify patterns, and make informed decisions in response to security incidents or vulnerabilities. Those working in cyber security must showcase creative and strategic problem-solving abilities to address changing security challenges.


As cybersecurity is always changing, cybersecurity professionals need to be flexible, adapting to new security landscapes, emerging threats, and technological advancements. An open-minded approach is crucial, encouraging a willingness to consider alternative approaches and solutions to security issues.

Teamwork and collaboration:

Effective teamwork is essential in addressing security challenges. Cybersecurity professionals must collaborate efficiently, working as part of a team to implement solutions and respond to security incidents. Strong interpersonal skills facilitate positive relationships with colleagues, other departments, and external partners.

Ethical mindset:

Upholding a high level of integrity and ethical standards is vital in cybersecurity. Professionals are expected to conduct themselves with honesty and integrity, ensuring the confidentiality of sensitive information and maintaining a professional approach to their work.

Time management:

Time management is crucial in cybersecurity, requiring professionals to prioritise tasks effectively. Prioritisation skills enable cybersecurity experts to address the most critical security concerns quickly, ensuring efficient response to incidents and meeting deadlines.

Risk management:

Cybersecurity professionals need to be risk-aware, understanding and assessing risks to make informed decisions regarding security measures. Effective decision-making involves balancing security requirements with overall business objectives to create a robust security posture.

Negotiation skills:

Negotiation skills are incredibly valuable in cybersecurity, especially in stakeholder management. Cybersecurity professionals must negotiate security requirements effectively, ensuring a balance between security measures and operational needs to achieve organisational goals.

Customer service orientation:

Maintaining a customer service mindset is crucial in cybersecurity. Professionals need to be user-focused, ensuring that security measures do not obstruct the productivity of end-users while still providing effective protection against threats.

Emotional intelligence:

Emotional intelligence is important in cybersecurity, involving an understanding and consideration of the perspectives and emotions of others. This skill is particularly relevant when dealing with security incidents or implementing security measures to maintain positive interactions within the team and with stakeholders.

The demand for skilled professionals in cyber security has never been higher. As organisations tackle increasingly sophisticated threats, the importance of highly skilled cybersecurity professionals becomes paramount. From network security and application security to incident response and compliance, a blend of technical expertise and soft skills is required in all roles.

At Intaso, we recognise the critical importance of matching top-tier cybersecurity talent with organisations looking to enhance their security posture. Are you ready to strengthen your cybersecurity team with top-tier talent? Intaso has access to a curated pool of cybersecurity professionals equipped with the skills needed to navigate the complexities of today’s threat landscape. Whether you are looking to fill key positions in network security, application security, or incident response, our recruitment experts are dedicated to connecting you with the right candidates.